VAKT Model for Developing Classroom
Activities and Discussions
Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic, Tactile (VAKT) Teaching utilizes concrete
aids and activities that involve as many senses as possible, such as pictures,
music, food, comparison of new concepts to personal experience and/or prior
Activity includes activities based on VAKT experiences such as group
work, student comparison to personal experiences and/or prior knowledge, etc.
Rationale for Using Concrete
- connect abstract, new, or difficult
concepts to concrete experiences
- increase understanding of the
abstract, new or difficult concepts
- increase retention - a function
of learning via multiple senses
- increase likelihood of teaching
to the student's preferred learning style
Steps for Concrete Teaching
- Identify an abstract, new, or
- Define what you want the students
to learn. Break that concept down to smaller and essential skills.
- As you develop the activity, plan
to use more than one modality:
- Begin with oral instruction.
- Simultaneously, provide
a visual guide, via the board, overhead, or computer projector.
- Then, have the class
complete a structured activity during which students apply the newly explained
- Pause or repeat ideas so students
can take notes.
- Make sure the goals and outcomes
are specific and clear.
- Make meaningful connections between
the new concept and real life.
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